Male Infertility

Men with an atrophic testicle due to damage from varicocele get improvement in fertility with repair

Forty percent of men with infertility have a varicocele which is identified by physical examination.  A varicocele is an abnormal dilation of veins around the testicle which has been well established to cause an adverse effect on testicular function.  This includes decreasing semen parameters over time as well as causing an increase in sperm […]

E-cigarettes may have negative effects on Sperm Counts

Billed as a healthier alternative to traditional cigarettes, the popularity of electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, has increased in recent years. While e-cigarettes do contain fewer chemicals and may be beneficial in adults as a substitute for smoked tobacco products, they are far from safe.  E-cigarettes contain nicotine, heavy metals, and other volatile organic compounds, […]

The team at AFRM has a 71% sperm retrieval rates with microTESE for men with sperm count of zero

Non-obstructive azoospermia (having a sperm count of zero due to a failure of adequate production of sperm rather than a blockage), arguably poses the most challenging scenario for a couple with infertility.  Over the last couple of decades, the technique of microdissection testicular sperm extraction (MicroTESE) has been developed and refined to offer couples […]

Dr. Parviz Kavoussi co-authors guideline for clinicians on sperm DNA fragmentation

As 60% of couples struggling with infertility have a male factor contribution in their difficulty conceiving, higher levels of testing of the male partner is necessary.  Since the 1600s, the traditional semen analysis has been the cornerstone of the male fertility evaluation.  This includes measuring the semen volume, the sperm concentration (number of millions […]

The Role of Male Sex Hormones

While female hormones may get more media attention, male hormones are just as critical to reproductive health. When the body produces too little or too much of any of the male sex hormones, it can have a detrimental effect. A thorough check-up with a urologist who specializes in male reproductive/sexual health may be the […]

Male Infertility: What Are the Causes?

It is estimated that approximately 15% of couples will struggle with infertility. Of those couples, up to 50-60% will have at least a contributing male factor. The causes of male infertility are diverse, and can range from anatomical issues, to genetic mutations, to hormonal insufficiencies. For example, one of the most common causes of […]

A form of testosterone replacement that can maintain sperm production

Low testosterone, also known as hypogonadism, is a common diagnosis made in over 13 million men in the United States annually.  The challenge in men wanting to maintain fertility potential who are hypogonadal has been that all the traditional forms of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) such as gels and injections suppress sperm production to […]

Is there a link between cell phone/WiFi use and Male Infertility?

With the near-universal use of smart phones and presence of WiFi, there has been an increased interest in research regarding unintended consequences of these technologies. One example of this is in the realm of male fertility. For example, a recent news article from the Daily Mail quoted multiple physicians and scientists in the UK […]

Men with varicoceles with testicular atrophy respond to varicocele repair

The reproductive urologists, Dr. Parviz Kavoussi and Dr. Luke Machen, at Austin Fertility & Reproductive Medicine presented their research on varicocele repair in men with testicular atrophy at the 2019 American Society for Reproductive Medicine national meeting and congress.  A varicocele is an abnormal dilation of veins around the testicle which increase testicular temperatures […]

Treatment of men with varicoceles and a sperm count of zero

A varicocele is an abnormal dilation of scrotal veins around the testicle and can decrease sperm counts, sperm motility, and morphology.  Varicoceles can also cause increased damage to the DNA of sperm cells, having an adverse impact on fertilization, pregnancy, and miscarriage rates.  Fifteen percent of men in the general population have a varicocele […]